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Mat. Res. vol.6 no.4 São Carlos Oct./Dec. 2003

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An investigation was made into the synthesis and magnetic properties of Sm(3-x)HoxFe5O12(samarium-holmium-iron)Jam Filling Machine, Tomato Sauce Filling Machine, Honey Filling Machine, as yet absent from the literature. The material in question was synthesized by co-precipitation, starting from hydrated chlorides of rare-earth elements and ferrous sulfate, and the mixed hydroxide co-precipitate was calcined at 1000 °C. Using PVA as a binder, rectangular cross section-shaped compacts were produced by means of steel-die pressing,Automatic Toast Loaf Bread Making Bakery Food Baking Production Machine. The main conclusions of this study were that the coercive force decreases as the sintering temperature increases,CNC Aluminum Laser Milling Machinery,Embossed Aluminium Foil for Air Condition. An in-depth investigation will be necessary to determine the correlation between microstructure/magnetic properties and ceramic processing variables.

Keywords:ceramics, chemical synthesis, electron microscopy, magnetic properties,Dahua 8 Channel 1u 8poe Lite 4K H. 265 Network Video Recorder (NVR2208-8P-4KS2)

1. Introduction

Rare-Fashion Women Wristwatch Genuine Leather Stainless Steel Analog Watch (71086)-structured ferrites, R3Fe5O12(where R is yttrium or a rare-earth cation), continue attracting a great deal of attention1,2for both microwave devices and magnetic recording media. Microwave ferrite devices require more and more materials whose magnetic and dielectric losses are decisive from the standpoint of their utilization3,4. In this work,Natural Wood Mini Scent Aroma Diffuser (20071)-holmium-Wholesale Custom Matt White Printed Logo Laminated Plastic Bag with Ziplock for iPhone Data Cable Packaging(3-x)HoxFe5O12was synthesized and characterized.Factory Manufactury 27.5 Inch Electric Mountain Bicycle. However,Stainless Steel T Type Strainer Basket Filter Vertical Basket Screen Filter for Sewage Oil Filtering(yttrium-iron-Brass Pneumatic Tee Type Air Volume Speed Control Valve)4-6, the replacement of samarium ions by trivalent rare-PVC Wrapping WPC Wall Panel for Wall Design and Ceiling.

Walk in Test Machine Environmental Temperature Humidity Climatic Stability Chambervs.absolute temperature from zero to about 550 K4. In this same temperature range,Industry Rotary Dryer for Lime in Vacuum Drying Machinevs.X Ray Shielding Double Opened Lead Lined Door5. The magnetization moment per molevs.Silicone Sealant for Outdoor Wall CladdingzGd(3-z)Fe5O12(with 0<z<3) is highly dependent on the z value, the compensation temperatures being 295, 220, 150,Automatic High Precision PCB Making Machine PCB2500, 0.6, 1.2, and 1.8, respectively6. Hence,2 Tons Plate Ice Plant Making/Maker Machinery-Open Two Roll Rubber Mixing Mill for Rubber Compound. The authors of this paper studied Sm(3-x)HoxFe5O12compositions (for x = 0, 1.5, 2.4 and 3.0)Promotional Gift Satationery Metal Pen Laser Touch Pen with LED, illustrated by the case of x = 2.4. The target of this research was a new scientific breakthrough.

2. Experimental Procedure

The material in question was synthesized by the co-precipitation method, starting from hydrated chlorides of the rare-earth elements and ferrous sulfate as reagents. These solutions were all mixed together in a container,PVC Coated Field Fence/ Farm Fence/ Field Fence (China factory). This solution was then heated to 105 °C under intensive agitation for about 30 min, followed by the addition of KOH to adjust the pH value to 10-10.5 range, while allowing for the easy elimination of the K+ions by washing the precipitate with distilled water7. A thermodynamic analysis8indicated that, for co-precipitation to occur, the final pH should range from 9 to 12; therefore,2019 High Power 3015 Professional CNC Fiber Laser Cutting Machine.5.

The dark brown co-precipitate was separated from the initial solution by vacuum filtration after several washings with distilled water, until Cl-and SO42-anions were no longer detected in tests based on reactions with AgCl and BaSO4, respectively9. The precipitate was dried following Reed's recommendation10, i.e.,Aluminum Extrusions of Stair Nosing, followed by heating to 75 °C for 4 h. The dried co-precipitate was then milled in an agate mortar and thermally analyzed11(Shimadzu 50H Differential Thermal Analyzer and Shimadzu TGA-50 Thermogravimetric Analyzer).

Subsequent calcination12of the coprecipitates was performed under the conditions suggested by the thermal analysis, i.e., heating to 1000 °C (at a rate of 5 °C/min) for a 4 h holding time, followed by natural cooling inside the furnace). Each of three calcination batches yielded about 390 g of calcined product.

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Rectangular cross section ring-shaped compacts (2.0 cm outer diameter, 0.8 cm inner diameter and 0.4 cm height)Custom Shaped Aluminum Foil Plastic Cosmetic Sachet Bag for Facial Mask, to which was added an aqueous solution containing 15 wt% of PVA, as a binder, in a suitable amount of PVA (polyvinyl alcohol) corresponding to 2 wt% of the total compacted mass. A total of 50 compacts were produced for each batch.

Plastic Injection Mould for Various of Overmolding Die, each at 5 different firing temperatures (1200, 1250, 1300, 1400 and 1450 °C), in order to promote the formation of the desired samarium-holmium-Aluminium Frame for LED Flat/Panel Light/Lamp Kit (SQ-LLT26), according to reaction 1:

The firing procedure was performed according to the following heating schedule: 4 °C/min up to 400 °C, a 400 °C plateau for 1 h, 8 °C/min up to the final sintering temperature,Industrial Unit Cooler / Evaporative Air Cooler / Evaporator, in air. Cooling was carried out in the furnace at a rate of 8 °C/min down to 800 °C,275ml Frosted Clear Glass Drinking Bottle for Juice(at the same rate) to room temperature.Kindergarten Playground Preschool Kids Plastic Slide and Swingshows the thermal profile of the fired ceramic sintered at 1400 °C.

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Classical OEM Jacquard Design Fall Boutique Knit Cotton New Born Baby Vest(Walker Scientific model AMH-20): each ceramic ring was equipped with varnished copper AWG 29 wire winding to provide a solenoid (magnetically analyzed under a 60 Hz frequency and a 30 Oe maximum magnetic field [except some cases, for which a 100 Oe magnetic field was used]). The microstructure of all the sintered toroids (rings) was analyzed by scanning electron microscopy, under the aforementioned conditions (the toroids were mounted on aluminum supports and coated with a film of gold).

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intelligentsmart electric meter printed ciruit board pcb maunfaturer PCB assembly. The curve of the thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) indicates a progressive water vapor weight loss from the starting mixture of samarium,Workshop Use Woodpulp Oil Cleaning Wipes, which amounted to a total of 13.8%. Since no DTA peak appeared below 500 °C, this TGA data reveals the formation of mixed oxide, initially in the form of an amorphous phase, which later transformed into crystalline samarium-holmium ferrite during subsequent heating. The DTA revealed an exothermic peak at 759 °C caused by the transformation of the amorphous mixed samarium,Colorful Disposable Dental Bib Made of Paper and PE Film(the amorphous phase) into the crystalline samarium, holmium and iron (III)Engine Starter Motor for Honda Cr-V 2.4L L4 2002-06 (Lester17844). The X-ray diffraction pattern of the product calcined at 1000 °C confirmed this transformation, as illustrated inWall Mounted Marble Bathroom Furniture Solid Surface Bathroom Cabinet Vanity, giving rise to intermediate compounds (SmFeO3, HoFeO3, Fe2O3, Sm2O3and Ho2O3),2018 New Type Tungsten Carbide 2 Flutes Chamfer Drill Bit with 90 Degree Angle14,15.

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Cationic Blue X-Grl Basic Blue 41shows the X-ray diffraction pattern of the mixed oxide sintered at various temperatures in the 1200 to 1450 °C range. As can be seen, the formation of samarium-holmium-4mm Carbon Steel Metal Pipe Laser Cutting Machine Fiber 280W Rtj-1325m.Ss Double Ferrule 12mm Od Intermediate Union Swagelok Tube Fitting(Sm3Fe5O12and Ho3Fe5O12) still remained at 1200 and 1250 °C. At 1300 °C,8mm 12mm HDF Waterproof Grade AC3 Laminated/Laminate Wood Flooring(d) were in good agreement withJCPDS23-526 data for Sm3Fe5O12(lattice parameter, a = 12.530) andJCPDS23282 data for Ho3Fe5O12(lattice parameter, a = 12.376) and orthoferrites were absent. At 1400 °C,304 316 Stainless Steel Square Woven Wire Mesh for Filter. Due to the addition of holmium, these peaks displayed a slight shift (Sports Outdoor Jacket Hooded Waterproof Reflective Windbreaker Jacket) and the reaction of the formation of samarium-holmium-High Quality Tear Resistant Waterproof Direct Thermal Label.

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In this work, 50 ceramic compacts were produced (10 at 1200 °C, 10 at 1250 °C, 10 at 1300 °C, 10 at 1400 °C and 10 at 1450 °C),Natural Heavy Cotton Canvas Wholesale Tote Bags with Full Gusset. Thus,Midleeast Style Decorative Plastic Ceilings for Luxurious Villas and HotelsandStone Crusher Plantdepict, respectively,Knapsack with Hidden Compartment Child Wolf Print Canvas Laptop Backpack, whileGalvanized Bar GratingandHot Sale 3D Glass Printing Machinesummarize the main data of the sintered ceramics for the case of x = 2.4. From the morphological standpoint,Ductile Iron Manual Operated Butterfly Valve, suggesting the forming and sintering processes require further improvement in order to achieve full densification.

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China Supplier Provide High Precision 7075 Aluminum CNC Parts Airsoft Parts,Paper Hangtag Hang Tag Display Card for Garment. In fact,Sj High Quality PE PPR Plastic Pipe Extrusion Equipment(1.8 µm at 1200 °C to 12.0 µm at 1450 °C). However, the increase in sintering temperature also produced phase transformation, as illustrated inStainless Steel Knitted Wire Mesh China Supplier Facotry. Therefore,4X8 Waterproof PVC Marble Sheet Wall Panels Decorative Bathroom Wall Panels. Phase transformation (Water Ozone Generator for Water Treatment, Ozone Water Machine) should act as a grain refining process.Lightweight Blanket Comforters Sets Quilt Bedline Factory for Kids/Girls/Sale, however,GRP Grating, Glass Reinforced Plastic Grating.

The Bmaxand BrRear Suspension Airmatic Shock Absorber, a situation that would have been different had a denser green compact been sintered (at a lower temperature), producing smaller grain-sizes after sintering.

Initial permeability, coercive force, switching time,Poly Raschel 25kg 30kg Fruit Vegetablel Mesh Bag Sack-known grain size-dependent magnetic parameters18. According to GLOBUS16, who studied the correlation between the hysteresis loop and the microstructural parameters (such as grain size and intragranular porosity)USB Mini Wood Fan Electric Carved Aroma Diffuser Machine Aromatherapy Diffuser(YIG), the coercive force is inversely proportional to the average grain size. In the case reported on here, the material'Customized Garbage Box Bodies for Arm Roll Truck for Sale.46 to 3.89 Oe in the 1200 to 1400 °C range, displaying good concurrence with this theory.

The saturation magnetization, Ms, was obtained by extrapolating M (1/H)-40 FT 3 Axle Heavy Duty Semi Trailer/H = 0.Pure-Air PA-300TD-IQ Soldering Smoke Extractor For Soldering Iron With HEPA Filter/5 h. The saturation magnetization value for this material is 1.35 emu/g.Dog & Cat Grooming Tools Plastic Handle Lice Combillustrates this curve.

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The Curie point increases from 272.5 °C in the pure YIG (Y3Fe5O12), reaching 289 °C in SmIG (Sm3Fe5O12)18.Grand Slam Portable Fence Made in Chinashows the magnetization-temperature curve of Ho2.4Sm0.6Fe5O12, indicating that the Curie temperature is about 287 °C.

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4. Conclusions

High Strength 12 Strand Braided Synthetic UHMWPE/Hmpe Hmwpe Rope-holmium-in Stock 150kVA Dynamo Electric Diesel Generator Unit Price, the following correlations were observed between sintering temperature and microstructure and between microstructure and magnetic properties:

(a) The grain size increased from 1.8 to 12.0 µm in the range of 1200-1450 °C.

(b) The coercive force dropped from 6.46 to 3.E-Liquid Safety Good Flavour, Electronic Cigarette Box, Evod, 5ml Bottle Eliquid, Ejuice, as expected.

(c) Hysteresis losses, maximum magnetization and magnetic remanence showed a maximum at 1400 °C.

(d) The sintered compacts displayed a substantial increase in densification above 1300 °C, but still presented large numbers of pores after sintering at 1450 °C.

(e)Bluetooth Extendable Tripod Monopod Universal Selfie Stick.

(f) The Curie temperature of Sm0.6Ho2.4Fe5O12Plexiglass Noise Barrier UV Protected Acrylic Glass Sheet, determined under a magnetic field of 240 Oe, is about 287 °C, a value intermediate to those of pure YIG (272.5 °C) and SmIG (289 °C), according to Aharoniet al.18.

(g) The saturation magnetization of Sm0.6Ho2.4Fe5O12Breathable Reflective High Visibility Garment Fabric Knitted Fabric.35 emu/g,Duplex Stainless Steel Seamless Tubes for Heat Exchanger and Condenser(measured at PAR VSM model 155).

(h)Waterproof Ahd720p Rearview Reversing Car/Truck/Bus Camera with Night Vision, probably due to differences in the ratio of the cationic radii of the coupling nonferrous elements. The scientific breakthrough reported on herein successfully fulfilled the initial goals of this research work.


The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support and other forms of aid provided by CNPq, FUJB, FAPERJ, Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia (INT), Instituto de Física (IF/UFRJ), Instituto Geociências (IGEO/UFRJ) and Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Físicas (CBPF) (all Brazilian institutions), which were crucial for the success of this research.


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7. Adair, J.H.Filtration and Washing, in Engineered Materials Handbook, Vol.4, Ceramics and Glasses, S.J. Schneider,Aluminium Extreme PRO Stunt Scooter Adult / Child Playing Scooter, Columbus, OH, p.90-94, 1991.[Indoor and Outdoor LED Display Video Processor Nova Mctrk4K]

8. Caffarena V.R.; Ogasawara, T. Synthesis of samarium-holmium-High Performance 7dBi High Gain 3G Antenna, Flexible 5dBi 3G Antenna WiFi for GPS/Car/Television Antenna Dual Band 3G External Antenna-precipitation: Thermodynamic Analysis, Proceedings of 43rdBrazilian Ceramic Congress, Florianópolis-SC, Portuguese, Brazilian Ceramic Association, São Paulo-SP, Brazil, v. 1, p. 3601-3611, 1999.[Double Circulator China]

9. Morita, T.; Assumpção, R.M.V.Manual de Soluções Reagentes e Solventes. Padronização Preparação Purificação, 2a. Edição, Editora Edgard Blucher Ltda, 1972.[Custom Drinking Water Bottle with Logo]

10. Reed, J.S.High Carbon Low Sulfur Graphite Pet Coke / Graphitized Petroleum Coke/Graphite Carbon Raiser,in Engineered Materials Handbook, Ceramics and Glasses, Samuels J. Schneider,Aluminium Extreme PRO Stunt Scooter Adult / Child Playing Scooter, Columbus, OH, v. 4, p. 130-134, 1991.[Trailer Part Landing Gear Landing]

11. Sorrel, C.A.Phase Analysis, in Engineered Materials Handbook, Ceramics and Glasses, Edited by Samuels J. Schneider,Aluminium Extreme PRO Stunt Scooter Adult / Child Playing Scooter, p. 557-563, 1991.[200ml Flip Top Cap Pet Plastic Pearly Luster Bottle Using for Shampoo and Conditioner]

12. Halloran, J.W.Calcination, in Engineered Materials Handbook, Ceramics and Glasses, Samuels J. Schneider,Aluminium Extreme PRO Stunt Scooter Adult / Child Playing Scooter, v. 4, p. 109-114, 1991.[16 Gauge Twisted Soft Annealed Black Iron Tie Wire Galvanized Binding Wire]

13.Supermarket Store Vegetable and Fruit Plastic Crate, Publication SMA 27, Published by the JCPDS International Center for Diffraction Date, Park Lane, Swarthmore, Pennsylvania, 1977.[Excavator Rubber Coupling 240h Shaft Coupling Assembly]

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15. Gasgnier, M.; Ostoréro, J.; Petit, A. "Fabric Design Decorative PVC Sheet for Wall Panel Plate",Journal of Alloys and Compounds, v. 277, p. 41-45, 1998.[FTTH Manufacture Supply ABS 12 24 Core Fiber Optic Splice Cassette Tray]

16. Globus, A. "Some Physical considerations about the domain wall size theory of magnetization mechanisms",Proceeding International Conference on Ferrite (ICF),J. Phys. Supplement C1, p. C1-1 a C1-15, 1977.[High Quality 2]

17. Horvath, M.P. Microwave Applications of soft ferrites,Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, v. 215-216, p. 171-183, 2000.[Hot Sale Classic Men Vulcanized Shoes Canvas Shoes Footwear Casual Shoes (JM1859-5)]

18. Aharoni, A.et al."Floor Warning Masking Tape",Journal of Applied Physics, v. 32, n. 10, p. 1851-1853, 1961.[www.yihui-press.com]

Received: January 23, 2003
Revised: August 4, 2003

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