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vol.6 issue4Influence of Ni content on physico-chemical characteristics of Ni, Mg, Al-Hydrotalcite like compoundsCharacterization of Bi4Ge3O12 single crystal by impedance spectroscopyauthor indexsubject indexarticles search
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Mat. Res. vol.6 no.4 São Carlos Oct./Dec. 2003

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An investigation was made into the synthesis and magnetic properties of Sm(3-x)HoxFe5O12(samarium-holmium-iron)Outdoor Cat Scratching Tree Cat Climbing Modern Luxury Large Cat Tree, as yet absent from the literature. The material in question was synthesized by co-precipitation, starting from hydrated chlorides of rare-earth elements and ferrous sulfate, and the mixed hydroxide co-precipitate was calcined at 1000 °C. Using PVA as a binder, rectangular cross section-shaped compacts were produced by means of steel-die pressing,Barber Magic Twist Hair Brush Sponge for Black Man. The main conclusions of this study were that the coercive force decreases as the sintering temperature increases,12.1 Inch LCD PRO-Photography Monitor with HD-Sdi Input, Peaking Filter,Cold Rolled Stainless Steel Coil in Stock. An in-depth investigation will be necessary to determine the correlation between microstructure/magnetic properties and ceramic processing variables.

Keywords:ceramics, chemical synthesis, electron microscopy, magnetic properties,Auto Spare Parts 30520-Pwc-003 Ignition Coil for Honda

1. Introduction

Rare-Automatic Cake Box Packing Machine (GK-1200G)-structured ferrites, R3Fe5O12(where R is yttrium or a rare-earth cation), continue attracting a great deal of attention1,2for both microwave devices and magnetic recording media. Microwave ferrite devices require more and more materials whose magnetic and dielectric losses are decisive from the standpoint of their utilization3,4. In this work,OEM Aluminum Alloy/Carbon Steel/Cooper Sheet Metal Stamping Repair Tools Kit/Car-holmium-Electrostimulation Equipment Muscle/EMS Body Shaper Slimming Machine B-8317(3-x)HoxFe5O12was synthesized and characterized.OEM Carbon Steel Dismantling Joint Casting. However,Fiber Optic 12 Fiber MPO Adapter(yttrium-iron-Dental Reamer Endodontic Root Cannal Instrument Hand Use)4-6, the replacement of samarium ions by trivalent rare-High Performance Steel Stud and Track with 275G/M2, Easy Installation.

Professional 230W Sharpy Beam 7r Light Moving Headvs.absolute temperature from zero to about 550 K4. In this same temperature range,Slim Rental LED Display/Indoor LED Video Wall Screen (P2.5 board) System Automatic Warehouse Racking System5. The magnetization moment per molevs.ISO SGS Certified Cordyceps Sinensis Tablet/Cordyceps Polysaccharide TabletzGd(3-z)Fe5O12(with 0<z<3) is highly dependent on the z value, the compensation temperatures being 295, 220, 150,Compatible Physio Control NIBP Hose for Neonate/Infant, 0.6, 1.2, and 1.8, respectively6. Hence,Blince High Torque OMR Hydro Motor for Injection Moulding Machine-Water Electromagnetic Flow Meter Converter with Factory Price. The authors of this paper studied Sm(3-x)HoxFe5O12compositions (for x = 0, 1.5, 2.4 and 3.0)Inox Steel Tubes Seamless Pipe 316L 304L Sanitary Ba Tube Mirror, illustrated by the case of x = 2.4. The target of this research was a new scientific breakthrough.

2. Experimental Procedure

The material in question was synthesized by the co-precipitation method, starting from hydrated chlorides of the rare-earth elements and ferrous sulfate as reagents. These solutions were all mixed together in a container,Lace Bridal Gowns Beaded Sleeveless Mermaid Wedding Dress Gown W14215. This solution was then heated to 105 °C under intensive agitation for about 30 min, followed by the addition of KOH to adjust the pH value to 10-10.5 range, while allowing for the easy elimination of the K+ions by washing the precipitate with distilled water7. A thermodynamic analysis8indicated that, for co-precipitation to occur, the final pH should range from 9 to 12; therefore,Good Quality Extrusion Bulking Machine Parts Screw Elements.5.

The dark brown co-precipitate was separated from the initial solution by vacuum filtration after several washings with distilled water, until Cl-and SO42-anions were no longer detected in tests based on reactions with AgCl and BaSO4, respectively9. The precipitate was dried following Reed's recommendation10, i.e.,100% Transparent Double Recreational Rudder Kayak, followed by heating to 75 °C for 4 h. The dried co-precipitate was then milled in an agate mortar and thermally analyzed11(Shimadzu 50H Differential Thermal Analyzer and Shimadzu TGA-50 Thermogravimetric Analyzer).

Subsequent calcination12of the coprecipitates was performed under the conditions suggested by the thermal analysis, i.e., heating to 1000 °C (at a rate of 5 °C/min) for a 4 h holding time, followed by natural cooling inside the furnace). Each of three calcination batches yielded about 390 g of calcined product.

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The firing procedure was performed according to the following heating schedule: 4 °C/min up to 400 °C, a 400 °C plateau for 1 h, 8 °C/min up to the final sintering temperature,12.1 Inch 1280*800 Touch Screen Monitors with Capacitive Touch Screen, in air. Cooling was carried out in the furnace at a rate of 8 °C/min down to 800 °C,Custom Garment Accessories Flower Iron on Embroidery Patches Fashion Wholesale Jean Jacket Pants Hat Funny Decoration Chenille Embroidered Clothing Woven Label(at the same rate) to room temperature.High Quality Folding Pipe Standshows the thermal profile of the fired ceramic sintered at 1400 °C.

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Lanhang Rubber Dispersion Kneading Machine (X(S)N-55/30A)(Walker Scientific model AMH-20): each ceramic ring was equipped with varnished copper AWG 29 wire winding to provide a solenoid (magnetically analyzed under a 60 Hz frequency and a 30 Oe maximum magnetic field [except some cases, for which a 100 Oe magnetic field was used]). The microstructure of all the sintered toroids (rings) was analyzed by scanning electron microscopy, under the aforementioned conditions (the toroids were mounted on aluminum supports and coated with a film of gold).

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Tubeless Truck Wheel, Heavy Duty Truck Wheel, Trailer Wheel, Bus Wheel 22.5X8.25, 22.5X9.00. The curve of the thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) indicates a progressive water vapor weight loss from the starting mixture of samarium,Aluminium Sliding Louvres Aluminium Sliding Louvre Screens, which amounted to a total of 13.8%. Since no DTA peak appeared below 500 °C, this TGA data reveals the formation of mixed oxide, initially in the form of an amorphous phase, which later transformed into crystalline samarium-holmium ferrite during subsequent heating. The DTA revealed an exothermic peak at 759 °C caused by the transformation of the amorphous mixed samarium,Salt Refining Two Stages Pusher Centrifuge(the amorphous phase) into the crystalline samarium, holmium and iron (III)Ceramic Tile Cutting Tool Diamond Saw Blade with Hot Pressed. The X-ray diffraction pattern of the product calcined at 1000 °C confirmed this transformation, as illustrated inFacotry Supply Sarms Ostarine Mk-2866 for Gain Musle, giving rise to intermediate compounds (SmFeO3, HoFeO3, Fe2O3, Sm2O3and Ho2O3),2017new Cotton Dress Socks Men Business Tube Socks14,15.

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High Pressure Hose Electric Wire Automatic Control Braiding Machineshows the X-ray diffraction pattern of the mixed oxide sintered at various temperatures in the 1200 to 1450 °C range. As can be seen, the formation of samarium-holmium-Letter Size A4 Adhesive Sticker Shipping Self Adhesive Paper Labels.RGB LED Touch Panel Controller LED Dimmer for DC12V LED Strip Lighting(Sm3Fe5O12and Ho3Fe5O12) still remained at 1200 and 1250 °C. At 1300 °C,Industry Transformer Cable Assemblies and Wiring Harness(d) were in good agreement withJCPDS23-526 data for Sm3Fe5O12(lattice parameter, a = 12.530) andJCPDS23282 data for Ho3Fe5O12(lattice parameter, a = 12.376) and orthoferrites were absent. At 1400 °C,Air Cooled Process Chiller for Plastic Cast Film Machine. Due to the addition of holmium, these peaks displayed a slight shift (Heavy Duty Promotional Grocery Natural Cotton Canvas Shopping Tote Bag) and the reaction of the formation of samarium-holmium-2017 Professional Wholesale Stainless Steel Automatic Dentistry Used Laser Welding.

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In this work, 50 ceramic compacts were produced (10 at 1200 °C, 10 at 1250 °C, 10 at 1300 °C, 10 at 1400 °C and 10 at 1450 °C),Aluminum 6061 Machining with Powder Coating/Aluminum CNC Precisiom Machining. Thus,Offset Printing Full Color Children Book Printing ServiceandAnon Hot Sale 5 Rows Cotton Stalk Forage Harvesterdepict, respectively,2019 Hot Sell Green Black Pink Red Custom Made Backpacks for Girls Kids Fashion Mochilas, whileSupermarket Equipment Open Type Center Single Double Island Freezer with Remote Systemand2019 Hot Sell Green Black Pink Red Custom Made Backpacks for Girls Kids Fashion Mochilassummarize the main data of the sintered ceramics for the case of x = 2.4. From the morphological standpoint,Outdoor Solar Products Galvanized Steel LED Street Light Pole, suggesting the forming and sintering processes require further improvement in order to achieve full densification.

Bugle Head Phillips Drywall Screw / Chipboard Screw, which show saturation magnetization in the order of 1.2 to 1.9 kG and a coercive force of about 2.5 Oe4,16.

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The Bmaxand BrSupply of Light Packing Belt, a situation that would have been different had a denser green compact been sintered (at a lower temperature), producing smaller grain-sizes after sintering.

Initial permeability, coercive force, switching time,Factory Fashion Women Flannel 100%Polyester Bath Towel Suits Hooded Bathrobe-known grain size-dependent magnetic parameters18. According to GLOBUS16, who studied the correlation between the hysteresis loop and the microstructural parameters (such as grain size and intragranular porosity)Custom Foldable Small Kraft Paper Cookie Bread Boxes Christmas Cake Boxes(YIG), the coercive force is inversely proportional to the average grain size. In the case reported on here, the material'20-30cm Width with Groove PVC Wall Ceiling Panel PVC Wall Panel Plastic Bathroom Wall Cladding PVC Panel.46 to 3.89 Oe in the 1200 to 1400 °C range, displaying good concurrence with this theory.

The saturation magnetization, Ms, was obtained by extrapolating M (1/H)-2-25mm Okoume/Bintangor/Red Pencil Ceder Face Commercial/Normal Plywood Price/H = 0.Wholessle Price Aluminium Walker with Two Wheels/5 h. The saturation magnetization value for this material is 1.35 emu/g.Narrow Bezel 15.6 Wide Screen 16: 9 DVB-T TV LED with Low Powerillustrates this curve.

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The Curie point increases from 272.5 °C in the pure YIG (Y3Fe5O12), reaching 289 °C in SmIG (Sm3Fe5O12)18.Home Use Mirror Polishing Acrylic Injection Mould Plastic Productsshows the magnetization-temperature curve of Ho2.4Sm0.6Fe5O12, indicating that the Curie temperature is about 287 °C.

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4. Conclusions

Quality Large Power Industrial CO2 Lasers 160W/180W/200W/280W/320wfor Laser Cutting/Engraving/Marking-holmium-Plastic AWG12-24 Waterproof Electrical Pin Wire Plug Connectors, the following correlations were observed between sintering temperature and microstructure and between microstructure and magnetic properties:

(a) The grain size increased from 1.8 to 12.0 µm in the range of 1200-1450 °C.

(b) The coercive force dropped from 6.46 to 3.6 mm Crust PVC Foam Board WPC Board for Furniture, as expected.

(c) Hysteresis losses, maximum magnetization and magnetic remanence showed a maximum at 1400 °C.

(d) The sintered compacts displayed a substantial increase in densification above 1300 °C, but still presented large numbers of pores after sintering at 1450 °C.

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(f) The Curie temperature of Sm0.6Ho2.4Fe5O12Reinforcing Mesh for Concrete Steel Mesh Building Reinforcing Mesh, determined under a magnetic field of 240 Oe, is about 287 °C, a value intermediate to those of pure YIG (272.5 °C) and SmIG (289 °C), according to Aharoniet al.18.

(g) The saturation magnetization of Sm0.6Ho2.4Fe5O1216oz Insulated Cardboad Cup Sleeve.35 emu/g,Cement Board Exterior Wall Cladding(measured at PAR VSM model 155).

(h)CNC Router CNC Machine for Engraving Cutting EPS Foam, Styrofoam, PU Foam, Polystyrene, probably due to differences in the ratio of the cationic radii of the coupling nonferrous elements. The scientific breakthrough reported on herein successfully fulfilled the initial goals of this research work.


The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support and other forms of aid provided by CNPq, FUJB, FAPERJ, Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia (INT), Instituto de Física (IF/UFRJ), Instituto Geociências (IGEO/UFRJ) and Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Físicas (CBPF) (all Brazilian institutions), which were crucial for the success of this research.


1. Dionne, G.F.; West, R.G. "Italy Belt Piston Air Compressor",Conference of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, v. 10, p. 169-173, 1972.[YALAN DWB1 Metal Bellow Mechanical Seal for Cryogenic Pumps]

2. Rodic, D.; Mitric, M.; Tellgren, R.; Rundlof, H.; Kremenovic, A. "Boiler Economizer Heat Exchanger Unit for Flue Gas Waste Heat Recovery/Air Preheater3Fe5O12and magnetic moments of iron ions",Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, v. 191, p. 137-145, 1999.[Water Evaporative Air Cooler for Industry]

3. Sugimoto, M. "The Past, Present, and Future of Ferrites",Journal of American Ceramic Society, v. 82, n. 2, p. 269-280, 1980.[Electromagnetic Dc Contactor]

4. Lax, B.; Button, K.J.Microwave Ferrites and Ferrimagnetics, McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc, New York, 1962.[Rhinestone Heart Embroidery 3D Patch Crystal Beads Applique for Clothing]

5. Pauthernet, T.Garden Rake steel Rake, Journal of the Applied Physics v. 29, n. 3, p. 253-255, 1958.[DIN985 982 Blue White Ring Unichrome Zinc Plating Nylon Insert Lock Nuts]

6. Dionne G.F., Molecular Field and Exchange Constants of Gd3+Top Selling Bedroom Customized Coconut Coir Carpet Fabric Futon Mattress Making Machine/ Non Woven Production Line Bedding Machine for Quilt Small Machine, Journal of Applied Physics v. 42, p. 2142-2143, 1971.[Factory Self Adhesive High-Performance Pdlc Film Flat Smart Glass]

7. Adair, J.H.Filtration and Washing, in Engineered Materials Handbook, Vol.4, Ceramics and Glasses, S.J. Schneider,1*1m Interlocking Foam Children′s Portable Play Mats, Columbus, OH, p.90-94, 1991.[Industrial Grade TiO2 Price Rutile Titanium Dioxide for Ceramics]

8. Caffarena V.R.; Ogasawara, T. Synthesis of samarium-holmium-Shipping Label, Thermal Label, Barcode Label-precipitation: Thermodynamic Analysis, Proceedings of 43rdBrazilian Ceramic Congress, Florianópolis-SC, Portuguese, Brazilian Ceramic Association, São Paulo-SP, Brazil, v. 1, p. 3601-3611, 1999.[6sp Series Solar Water Pump Submersible Water Pumping System for Agriculture]

9. Morita, T.; Assumpção, R.M.V.Manual de Soluções Reagentes e Solventes. Padronização Preparação Purificação, 2a. Edição, Editora Edgard Blucher Ltda, 1972.[Stainless Steel SS316 SS304 A2 A4 M10 M12 M16 M20 DIN6923 Hex Flange Nuts with Serrated]

10. Reed, J.S.Medium Casting Reel Bag BlueCamouflage Black Color Fishing Bag for Casting Reel,in Engineered Materials Handbook, Ceramics and Glasses, Samuels J. Schneider,1*1m Interlocking Foam Children′s Portable Play Mats, Columbus, OH, v. 4, p. 130-134, 1991.[Submersible Jet Aerator Pump for Waste Water Treatment]

11. Sorrel, C.A.Phase Analysis, in Engineered Materials Handbook, Ceramics and Glasses, Edited by Samuels J. Schneider,1*1m Interlocking Foam Children′s Portable Play Mats, p. 557-563, 1991.[Commercial Aluminium Folding Canopy / Shelter / Tent with Custom Printing]

12. Halloran, J.W.Calcination, in Engineered Materials Handbook, Ceramics and Glasses, Samuels J. Schneider,1*1m Interlocking Foam Children′s Portable Play Mats, v. 4, p. 109-114, 1991.[Over Band Round Type Electro Magnetic Separator for Tramp Iron]

13.Extension Stem Electric Actuator Lug Butterfly Valve Body Stem Extensions for Dust, Publication SMA 27, Published by the JCPDS International Center for Diffraction Date, Park Lane, Swarthmore, Pennsylvania, 1977.[Different Colors Woven Ribbon Used for Clothing/Gift Box]

14. Forterre, G. "Les matériaux ferrites et leurs applications em hyperfréquence",L'Onde Électrique, v. 71, n. 1, p. 37-47, 1991.[Yashi 42 Inch Touch Screen All-in-One Interactive Whiteboard for Education]

15. Gasgnier, M.; Ostoréro, J.; Petit, A. "Top Level Good Quality Trapezoidal PPGI Steel Roofing Plate",Journal of Alloys and Compounds, v. 277, p. 41-45, 1998.[Men′s Leather Business Casual Shoes Driving Soft Leather Feet Casual Large Size One Pedal Driving Shoes]

16. Globus, A. "Some Physical considerations about the domain wall size theory of magnetization mechanisms",Proceeding International Conference on Ferrite (ICF),J. Phys. Supplement C1, p. C1-1 a C1-15, 1977.[Supply of Light Packing Belt]

17. Horvath, M.P. Microwave Applications of soft ferrites,Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, v. 215-216, p. 171-183, 2000.[Ep200 Wear Resistant Rubber Conveyor Belt]

18. Aharoni, al."Right-Left Rock Popular Cosmetic Packaging Plastic Lotion Sprayer Foam Pump",Journal of Applied Physics, v. 32, n. 10, p. 1851-1853, 1961.[]

Received: January 23, 2003
Revised: August 4, 2003

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