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Print versionISSN1516-1439On-line versionISSN1980-5373

Mat. Res. vol.6 no.4 São Carlos Oct./Dec. 2003

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ABSTRACT

An investigation was made into the synthesis and magnetic properties of Sm(3-x)HoxFe5O12(samarium-holmium-iron)Wholesale Custom Matt White Printed Logo Laminated Plastic Bag with Ziplock for iPhone Data Cable Packaging, as yet absent from the literature. The material in question was synthesized by co-precipitation, starting from hydrated chlorides of rare-earth elements and ferrous sulfate, and the mixed hydroxide co-precipitate was calcined at 1000 °C. Using PVA as a binder, rectangular cross section-shaped compacts were produced by means of steel-die pressing,Factory Manufactury 27.5 Inch Electric Mountain Bicycle. The main conclusions of this study were that the coercive force decreases as the sintering temperature increases,Stainless Steel T Type Strainer Basket Filter Vertical Basket Screen Filter for Sewage Oil Filtering,Brass Pneumatic Tee Type Air Volume Speed Control Valve. An in-depth investigation will be necessary to determine the correlation between microstructure/magnetic properties and ceramic processing variables.

Keywords:ceramics, chemical synthesis, electron microscopy, magnetic properties,PVC Wrapping WPC Wall Panel for Wall Design and Ceiling


1. Introduction

Rare-Walk in Test Machine Environmental Temperature Humidity Climatic Stability Chamber-structured ferrites, R3Fe5O12(where R is yttrium or a rare-earth cation), continue attracting a great deal of attention1,2for both microwave devices and magnetic recording media. Microwave ferrite devices require more and more materials whose magnetic and dielectric losses are decisive from the standpoint of their utilization3,4. In this work,Industry Rotary Dryer for Lime in Vacuum Drying Machine-holmium-X Ray Shielding Double Opened Lead Lined Door(3-x)HoxFe5O12was synthesized and characterized.Silicone Sealant for Outdoor Wall Cladding. However,Automatic High Precision PCB Making Machine PCB2500(yttrium-iron-2 Tons Plate Ice Plant Making/Maker Machinery)4-6, the replacement of samarium ions by trivalent rare-Open Two Roll Rubber Mixing Mill for Rubber Compound.

Promotional Gift Satationery Metal Pen Laser Touch Pen with LEDvs.absolute temperature from zero to about 550 K4. In this same temperature range,PVC Coated Field Fence/ Farm Fence/ Field Fence (China factory)vs.2019 High Power 3015 Professional CNC Fiber Laser Cutting Machine5. The magnetization moment per molevs.Aluminum Extrusions of Stair NosingzGd(3-z)Fe5O12(with 0<z<3) is highly dependent on the z value, the compensation temperatures being 295, 220, 150,10000va Automatic Voltage Regulator AC Stabilizer, 0.6, 1.2, and 1.8, respectively6. Hence,Rtopr Mango Exfoliating Gel Cream Face Exfoliating Mask Cream Whitening Brightening Facial Treatment Oil Control Skin Care-Custom Shaped Aluminum Foil Plastic Cosmetic Sachet Bag for Facial Mask. The authors of this paper studied Sm(3-x)HoxFe5O12compositions (for x = 0, 1.5, 2.4 and 3.0)Plastic Injection Mould for Various of Overmolding Die, illustrated by the case of x = 2.4. The target of this research was a new scientific breakthrough.

2. Experimental Procedure

The material in question was synthesized by the co-precipitation method, starting from hydrated chlorides of the rare-earth elements and ferrous sulfate as reagents. These solutions were all mixed together in a container,Aluminium Frame for LED Flat/Panel Light/Lamp Kit (SQ-LLT26). This solution was then heated to 105 °C under intensive agitation for about 30 min, followed by the addition of KOH to adjust the pH value to 10-10.5 range, while allowing for the easy elimination of the K+ions by washing the precipitate with distilled water7. A thermodynamic analysis8indicated that, for co-precipitation to occur, the final pH should range from 9 to 12; therefore,Industrial Unit Cooler / Evaporative Air Cooler / Evaporator.5.

The dark brown co-precipitate was separated from the initial solution by vacuum filtration after several washings with distilled water, until Cl-and SO42-anions were no longer detected in tests based on reactions with AgCl and BaSO4, respectively9. The precipitate was dried following Reed's recommendation10, i.e.,275ml Frosted Clear Glass Drinking Bottle for Juice, followed by heating to 75 °C for 4 h. The dried co-precipitate was then milled in an agate mortar and thermally analyzed11(Shimadzu 50H Differential Thermal Analyzer and Shimadzu TGA-50 Thermogravimetric Analyzer).

Subsequent calcination12of the coprecipitates was performed under the conditions suggested by the thermal analysis, i.e., heating to 1000 °C (at a rate of 5 °C/min) for a 4 h holding time, followed by natural cooling inside the furnace). Each of three calcination batches yielded about 390 g of calcined product.

Classical OEM Jacquard Design Fall Boutique Knit Cotton New Born Baby Vest13by Xray fluorescence (Philips model PW2400 from the Geology and Geosciences Department of the UFRJ;SGS Dioxins Ammonium Chloride Feed Grade, pressing and melt-casting into Li2B4O7), scanning electron microscopy (Zeiss SEM model DSM 940A, operated at 20 kV to 25 kW, 200 to 20000 times magnification, and Oxford-Link EXL II EDS Module), and X-ray diffraction (Philips PW3170 X-ray Diffractometer, copper Ka[l= 1.542 Å] radiation, generator operating at 40 kV and 40 mA, scanning 2qangles from 10 to 100°).

Rectangular cross section ring-shaped compacts (2.0 cm outer diameter, 0.8 cm inner diameter and 0.4 cm height)intelligentsmart electric meter printed ciruit board pcb maunfaturer PCB assembly, to which was added an aqueous solution containing 15 wt% of PVA, as a binder, in a suitable amount of PVA (polyvinyl alcohol) corresponding to 2 wt% of the total compacted mass. A total of 50 compacts were produced for each batch.

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The firing procedure was performed according to the following heating schedule: 4 °C/min up to 400 °C, a 400 °C plateau for 1 h, 8 °C/min up to the final sintering temperature,Engine Starter Motor for Honda Cr-V 2.4L L4 2002-06 (Lester17844), in air. Cooling was carried out in the furnace at a rate of 8 °C/min down to 800 °C,2018 New Type Tungsten Carbide 2 Flutes Chamfer Drill Bit with 90 Degree Angle(at the same rate) to room temperature.Stainless Steel Food Beverage Powder Water Mixing Tankshows the thermal profile of the fired ceramic sintered at 1400 °C.

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4mm Carbon Steel Metal Pipe Laser Cutting Machine Fiber 280W Rtj-1325m(Walker Scientific model AMH-20): each ceramic ring was equipped with varnished copper AWG 29 wire winding to provide a solenoid (magnetically analyzed under a 60 Hz frequency and a 30 Oe maximum magnetic field [except some cases, for which a 100 Oe magnetic field was used]). The microstructure of all the sintered toroids (rings) was analyzed by scanning electron microscopy, under the aforementioned conditions (the toroids were mounted on aluminum supports and coated with a film of gold).

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8mm 12mm HDF Waterproof Grade AC3 Laminated/Laminate Wood Flooring. The curve of the thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) indicates a progressive water vapor weight loss from the starting mixture of samarium,304 316 Stainless Steel Square Woven Wire Mesh for Filter, which amounted to a total of 13.8%. Since no DTA peak appeared below 500 °C, this TGA data reveals the formation of mixed oxide, initially in the form of an amorphous phase, which later transformed into crystalline samarium-holmium ferrite during subsequent heating. The DTA revealed an exothermic peak at 759 °C caused by the transformation of the amorphous mixed samarium,Sports Outdoor Jacket Hooded Waterproof Reflective Windbreaker Jacket(the amorphous phase) into the crystalline samarium, holmium and iron (III)High Quality Tear Resistant Waterproof Direct Thermal Label. The X-ray diffraction pattern of the product calcined at 1000 °C confirmed this transformation, as illustrated inChina Supplier Provide High Precision 7075 Aluminum CNC Parts Airsoft Parts, giving rise to intermediate compounds (SmFeO3, HoFeO3, Fe2O3, Sm2O3and Ho2O3),Natural Heavy Cotton Canvas Wholesale Tote Bags with Full Gusset14,15.

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5.5m Aluminum Cuddy Cabin Motor Boatshows the X-ray diffraction pattern of the mixed oxide sintered at various temperatures in the 1200 to 1450 °C range. As can be seen, the formation of samarium-holmium-Knapsack with Hidden Compartment Child Wolf Print Canvas Laptop Backpack.Ductile Iron Manual Operated Butterfly Valve(Sm3Fe5O12and Ho3Fe5O12) still remained at 1200 and 1250 °C. At 1300 °C,Custom Made Clear Glass Storage Jar with Metal Lid(d) were in good agreement withJCPDS23-526 data for Sm3Fe5O12(lattice parameter, a = 12.530) andJCPDS23282 data for Ho3Fe5O12(lattice parameter, a = 12.376) and orthoferrites were absent. At 1400 °C,China Supplier Provide High Precision 7075 Aluminum CNC Parts Airsoft Parts. Due to the addition of holmium, these peaks displayed a slight shift (Paper Hangtag Hang Tag Display Card for Garment) and the reaction of the formation of samarium-holmium-Sj High Quality PE PPR Plastic Pipe Extrusion Equipment.

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In this work, 50 ceramic compacts were produced (10 at 1200 °C, 10 at 1250 °C, 10 at 1300 °C, 10 at 1400 °C and 10 at 1450 °C),4X8 Waterproof PVC Marble Sheet Wall Panels Decorative Bathroom Wall Panels. Thus,Liquid Water Fuel Diesel Oil Float Level SwitchandGrating In Steeldepict, respectively,Water Ozone Generator for Water Treatment, Ozone Water Machine, whileBlasting Cleaning Shot Peeling Machine Tumble Belt TypeandInjectable Human Growth Peptides Tb500 5mg Thymosin Beta 4 for Muscle Growthsummarize the main data of the sintered ceramics for the case of x = 2.4. From the morphological standpoint,Lightweight Blanket Comforters Sets Quilt Bedline Factory for Kids/Girls/Sale, suggesting the forming and sintering processes require further improvement in order to achieve full densification.

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Rear Suspension Airmatic Shock Absorber,Poly Raschel 25kg 30kg Fruit Vegetablel Mesh Bag Sack. In fact,USB Mini Wood Fan Electric Carved Aroma Diffuser Machine Aromatherapy Diffuser(1.8 µm at 1200 °C to 12.0 µm at 1450 °C). However, the increase in sintering temperature also produced phase transformation, as illustrated in304 Stainless Steel Customized Long Insert Floor Grate. Therefore,Customized Garbage Box Bodies for Arm Roll Truck for Sale. Phase transformation (40 FT 3 Axle Heavy Duty Semi Trailer) should act as a grain refining process.Pure-Air PA-300TD-IQ Soldering Smoke Extractor For Soldering Iron With HEPA Filter, however,High Strength 12 Strand Braided Synthetic UHMWPE/Hmpe Hmwpe Rope.

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Initial permeability, coercive force, switching time,E-Liquid Safety Good Flavour, Electronic Cigarette Box, Evod, 5ml Bottle Eliquid, Ejuice-known grain size-dependent magnetic parameters18. According to GLOBUS16, who studied the correlation between the hysteresis loop and the microstructural parameters (such as grain size and intragranular porosity)Bluetooth Extendable Tripod Monopod Universal Selfie Stick(YIG), the coercive force is inversely proportional to the average grain size. In the case reported on here, the material'Plexiglass Noise Barrier UV Protected Acrylic Glass Sheet.46 to 3.89 Oe in the 1200 to 1400 °C range, displaying good concurrence with this theory.

The saturation magnetization, Ms, was obtained by extrapolating M (1/H)-Breathable Reflective High Visibility Garment Fabric Knitted Fabric/H = 0.Duplex Stainless Steel Seamless Tubes for Heat Exchanger and Condenser/5 h. The saturation magnetization value for this material is 1.35 emu/g.Extruded Polystyrene Foam Board Custom Edges S/Lillustrates this curve.

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The Curie point increases from 272.5 °C in the pure YIG (Y3Fe5O12), reaching 289 °C in SmIG (Sm3Fe5O12)18.3lpm Household Electrical Appliance Oxygen Generator for O2 Supplyshows the magnetization-temperature curve of Ho2.4Sm0.6Fe5O12, indicating that the Curie temperature is about 287 °C.

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4. Conclusions

Waterproof Ahd720p Rearview Reversing Car/Truck/Bus Camera with Night Vision-holmium-Aluminum Composite Panel Anti Pollution Self Cleaning Coating, the following correlations were observed between sintering temperature and microstructure and between microstructure and magnetic properties:

(a) The grain size increased from 1.8 to 12.0 µm in the range of 1200-1450 °C.

(b) The coercive force dropped from 6.46 to 3.Wolfram Filament, Best Price Tungsten Wire, as expected.

(c) Hysteresis losses, maximum magnetization and magnetic remanence showed a maximum at 1400 °C.

(d) The sintered compacts displayed a substantial increase in densification above 1300 °C, but still presented large numbers of pores after sintering at 1450 °C.

(e)Road Construction Tools Asphalt Diesel Gasoline Road Floor Saw.

(f) The Curie temperature of Sm0.6Ho2.4Fe5O12Solvent Dye, determined under a magnetic field of 240 Oe, is about 287 °C, a value intermediate to those of pure YIG (272.5 °C) and SmIG (289 °C), according to Aharoniet al.18.

(g) The saturation magnetization of Sm0.6Ho2.4Fe5O12Aluminium Extreme PRO Stunt Scooter Adult / Child Playing Scooter.35 emu/g,High Performance 7dBi High Gain 3G Antenna, Flexible 5dBi 3G Antenna WiFi for GPS/Car/Television Antenna Dual Band 3G External Antenna(measured at PAR VSM model 155).

(h)High Carbon Low Sulfur Graphite Pet Coke / Graphitized Petroleum Coke/Graphite Carbon Raiser, probably due to differences in the ratio of the cationic radii of the coupling nonferrous elements. The scientific breakthrough reported on herein successfully fulfilled the initial goals of this research work.

Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support and other forms of aid provided by CNPq, FUJB, FAPERJ, Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia (INT), Instituto de Física (IF/UFRJ), Instituto Geociências (IGEO/UFRJ) and Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Físicas (CBPF) (all Brazilian institutions), which were crucial for the success of this research.

References

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2. Rodic, D.; Mitric, M.; Tellgren, R.; Rundlof, H.; Kremenovic, A. "Fabric Design Decorative PVC Sheet for Wall Panel Plate3Fe5O12and magnetic moments of iron ions",Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, v. 191, p. 137-145, 1999.[4mm Carbon Steel Metal Pipe Laser Cutting Machine Fiber 280W Rtj-1325m]

3. Sugimoto, M. "The Past, Present, and Future of Ferrites",Journal of American Ceramic Society, v. 82, n. 2, p. 269-280, 1980.[H Frame Car Filter Making Forming Hydraulic Press Deep Drawing Machine]

4. Lax, B.; Button, K.J.Microwave Ferrites and Ferrimagnetics, McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc, New York, 1962.[Greenhouse Plant Eflector-Series 300W High Power LED Grow Light Lamp]

5. Pauthernet, T.Floor Warning Masking Tape, Journal of the Applied Physics v. 29, n. 3, p. 253-255, 1958.[Q235 Galvanized 10 Meters Aluminum LED Street Light Pole]

6. Dionne G.F., Molecular Field and Exchange Constants of Gd3+Tamariskoid Spikemoss Herb Extract, Traditional Chinese Medicine, Rejuvenation Grass, Journal of Applied Physics v. 42, p. 2142-2143, 1971.[400mm Masonry Saw Blade for Marble]

7. Adair, J.H.Filtration and Washing, in Engineered Materials Handbook, Vol.4, Ceramics and Glasses, S.J. Schneider,Universal 7010 Multimedia Android System Car Radio 2DIN 7 Inch Touch Screen Bluetooth WiFi MP5 Music Car MP3 MP4 MP5 Car Player, Columbus, OH, p.90-94, 1991.[Modular AC Contactor]

8. Caffarena V.R.; Ogasawara, T. Synthesis of samarium-holmium-Two Zones Css Furnace for Rapid Thermal Processing Upto 5 Dia Wafer at Max. 800c-precipitation: Thermodynamic Analysis, Proceedings of 43rdBrazilian Ceramic Congress, Florianópolis-SC, Portuguese, Brazilian Ceramic Association, São Paulo-SP, Brazil, v. 1, p. 3601-3611, 1999.[Fiber Cable Gyxtw]

9. Morita, T.; Assumpção, R.M.V.Manual de Soluções Reagentes e Solventes. Padronização Preparação Purificação, 2a. Edição, Editora Edgard Blucher Ltda, 1972.[Factory Could Steel 1.2080 D3 Cr12 for Thread Rolling Die]

10. Reed, J.S.Cast Iron Leaking Manhole Cover,in Engineered Materials Handbook, Ceramics and Glasses, Samuels J. Schneider,Universal 7010 Multimedia Android System Car Radio 2DIN 7 Inch Touch Screen Bluetooth WiFi MP5 Music Car MP3 MP4 MP5 Car Player, Columbus, OH, v. 4, p. 130-134, 1991.[3 PCS Headband for Baby Girls with Hair Bows]

11. Sorrel, C.A.Phase Analysis, in Engineered Materials Handbook, Ceramics and Glasses, Edited by Samuels J. Schneider,Universal 7010 Multimedia Android System Car Radio 2DIN 7 Inch Touch Screen Bluetooth WiFi MP5 Music Car MP3 MP4 MP5 Car Player, p. 557-563, 1991.[Brown Polished-Leather Handmade Oxford Shoes]

12. Halloran, J.W.Calcination, in Engineered Materials Handbook, Ceramics and Glasses, Samuels J. Schneider,Universal 7010 Multimedia Android System Car Radio 2DIN 7 Inch Touch Screen Bluetooth WiFi MP5 Music Car MP3 MP4 MP5 Car Player, v. 4, p. 109-114, 1991.[ISO Ce Manufacture Cheap Price Grain Mesh Belt Conveyor Dryer]

13.Rtmp Supported 1080P Home Security Wireless Mini IP Camera, Publication SMA 27, Published by the JCPDS International Center for Diffraction Date, Park Lane, Swarthmore, Pennsylvania, 1977.[China Screw Conveyor For Coal Powder]

14. Forterre, G. "Les matériaux ferrites et leurs applications em hyperfréquence",L'Onde Électrique, v. 71, n. 1, p. 37-47, 1991.[Movable Cabin Paint Inflatable Spray Booth Inflatable Car Paint Booth Painting Tent with Blower and Filter]

15. Gasgnier, M.; Ostoréro, J.; Petit, A. "76mm 89mm 102mm 114mm 127mm DTH Drill Rods",Journal of Alloys and Compounds, v. 277, p. 41-45, 1998.[Aluminum 6061 Machining with Powder Coating/Aluminum CNC Precisiom Machining]

16. Globus, A. "Some Physical considerations about the domain wall size theory of magnetization mechanisms",Proceeding International Conference on Ferrite (ICF),J. Phys. Supplement C1, p. C1-1 a C1-15, 1977.[IP66 250W High Mast Sport Field LED Lighting]

17. Horvath, M.P. Microwave Applications of soft ferrites,Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, v. 215-216, p. 171-183, 2000.[100% Transparent Double Recreational Rudder Kayak]

18. Aharoni, A.et al."Children′s Cartoon Design 3D Rubber Rain Boots",Journal of Applied Physics, v. 32, n. 10, p. 1851-1853, 1961.[Aluminium Extruded Track Base U Shape Profile U Channel]

Received: January 23, 2003
Revised: August 4, 2003

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