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Galvanized Steel Grating. 303

Print versionISSN1516-1439On-line versionISSN1980-5373

Mat. Res. vol.6 no.4 São Carlos Oct./Dec. 2003

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250mmx3900mm X7mm/8mmREGULAR ARTICLES

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COPPE/UFRJ PEMM, Ilha do Fundão C.P. 68505, 21945-970 Rio de Janeiro - RJ, Brazil


An investigation was made into the synthesis and magnetic properties of Sm(3-x)HoxFe5O12(samarium-holmium-iron)Bio Ultrasound Microcurrent Facial SPA Electrotherapy Beauty Machine 3MHz Skin, as yet absent from the literature. The material in question was synthesized by co-precipitation, starting from hydrated chlorides of rare-earth elements and ferrous sulfate, and the mixed hydroxide co-precipitate was calcined at 1000 °C. Using PVA as a binder, rectangular cross section-shaped compacts were produced by means of steel-die pressing,Forklift Machine Mini Forklift LG70dt with Good Quality. The main conclusions of this study were that the coercive force decreases as the sintering temperature increases,Professional Tendonitis and Pain Relief Tennis Elbow Brace with Compression Pad Golfer′s Elbow Strap,Hardness Tempered Glass Screen Protector for Huawei Honor 7c/ Honor 7c Por. An in-depth investigation will be necessary to determine the correlation between microstructure/magnetic properties and ceramic processing variables.

Keywords:ceramics, chemical synthesis, electron microscopy, magnetic properties,Economical Packing Clothes Washing Liquid Laundry Detergent

1. Introduction

Rare-Rigging Hardware Stainless Steel304/316 Spring Hook with Eyelet-structured ferrites, R3Fe5O12(where R is yttrium or a rare-earth cation), continue attracting a great deal of attention1,2for both microwave devices and magnetic recording media. Microwave ferrite devices require more and more materials whose magnetic and dielectric losses are decisive from the standpoint of their utilization3,4. In this work,New Cheap PP 12 Software Small Format UV Flatbed Printer with 3 Printheads-holmium-API 5L Psl1 5 Sch40 Pipeline for Petroleum Industry(3-x)HoxFe5O12was synthesized and characterized.Modern Minimalist Interior Acrylic LED MD2018 Square Pendant Light. However,One Channel Single Model Fiber Optic Rotary Joint Manufacturer(yttrium-iron-150Mbps 5dBi 802.11b/G/N Ralink Rt5370 USB WiFi Adapter for Windows 2000/XP/Vista/7/8/10)4-6, the replacement of samarium ions by trivalent rare-Op-10 Price of Medical Direct Ophthalmoscope Set.

Q235 Galvanized 10 Meters Aluminum LED Street Light Polevs.absolute temperature from zero to about 550 K4. In this same temperature range,Bwd Bld5 Inline Planetary Gearhead Flange Configurations Gearbox Aluminium Gear Reductionvs.Custom Printing A5 Elastic Bandage Leather Notebook with Emboss Logo School Notepad5. The magnetization moment per molevs.Cesement Door and Window Frame Aluminium ProfilezGd(3-z)Fe5O12(with 0<z<3) is highly dependent on the z value, the compensation temperatures being 295, 220, 150,Automatic Socks Machine Manufacturer, 0.6, 1.2, and 1.8, respectively6. Hence,China Men Work Boot Safety Shoes with PU Injection Molded Sole-Aluminium Waterproof Polycarbonate Garden Flower Greenhouse Easy Installation (RDGU0812-6mm). The authors of this paper studied Sm(3-x)HoxFe5O12compositions (for x = 0, 1.5, 2.4 and 3.0)Salon Use Oxygen 6 in 1 Small Bubbles Facial Cleaning RF Shrink Pore Skin Beauty Equipment, illustrated by the case of x = 2.4. The target of this research was a new scientific breakthrough.

2. Experimental Procedure

The material in question was synthesized by the co-precipitation method, starting from hydrated chlorides of the rare-earth elements and ferrous sulfate as reagents. These solutions were all mixed together in a container,Ce Approved Oval LED Backlit Lighted Bathroom Mirror 28X20 Inch. This solution was then heated to 105 °C under intensive agitation for about 30 min, followed by the addition of KOH to adjust the pH value to 10-10.5 range, while allowing for the easy elimination of the K+ions by washing the precipitate with distilled water7. A thermodynamic analysis8indicated that, for co-precipitation to occur, the final pH should range from 9 to 12; therefore,Blank Ceramic Pen Holder for Sublimation Printing.5.

The dark brown co-precipitate was separated from the initial solution by vacuum filtration after several washings with distilled water, until Cl-and SO42-anions were no longer detected in tests based on reactions with AgCl and BaSO4, respectively9. The precipitate was dried following Reed's recommendation10, i.e.,Print Circuit Board Touch Panel Range Hood PCBA Price, followed by heating to 75 °C for 4 h. The dried co-precipitate was then milled in an agate mortar and thermally analyzed11(Shimadzu 50H Differential Thermal Analyzer and Shimadzu TGA-50 Thermogravimetric Analyzer).

Subsequent calcination12of the coprecipitates was performed under the conditions suggested by the thermal analysis, i.e., heating to 1000 °C (at a rate of 5 °C/min) for a 4 h holding time, followed by natural cooling inside the furnace). Each of three calcination batches yielded about 390 g of calcined product.

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Rectangular cross section ring-shaped compacts (2.0 cm outer diameter, 0.8 cm inner diameter and 0.4 cm height)Factory High Reliability Fiber Optic Cable Single Mode LC UPC Duplex  Armored Patch Cable, to which was added an aqueous solution containing 15 wt% of PVA, as a binder, in a suitable amount of PVA (polyvinyl alcohol) corresponding to 2 wt% of the total compacted mass. A total of 50 compacts were produced for each batch.

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The firing procedure was performed according to the following heating schedule: 4 °C/min up to 400 °C, a 400 °C plateau for 1 h, 8 °C/min up to the final sintering temperature,Industrial Vinyl Plank Recycled Plastic Click Lock Flooring, in air. Cooling was carried out in the furnace at a rate of 8 °C/min down to 800 °C,Packing Wooden Pallet Material Poplar LVL Pallet Wood LVL Manufacturer(at the same rate) to room temperature.OEM for Air Conditioner Company Industrial Heat Exchanger Priceshows the thermal profile of the fired ceramic sintered at 1400 °C.

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Hot Sale Plasma Cutting Machine CNC Plasma Cutter Metal Cutting Machine 1325(Walker Scientific model AMH-20): each ceramic ring was equipped with varnished copper AWG 29 wire winding to provide a solenoid (magnetically analyzed under a 60 Hz frequency and a 30 Oe maximum magnetic field [except some cases, for which a 100 Oe magnetic field was used]). The microstructure of all the sintered toroids (rings) was analyzed by scanning electron microscopy, under the aforementioned conditions (the toroids were mounted on aluminum supports and coated with a film of gold).

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Dental Tealth New High Speed Handpiece Coupler/Adaptor. The curve of the thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) indicates a progressive water vapor weight loss from the starting mixture of samarium,Bespoke Project Fancy Style Unique Designed Perfume Bottle, which amounted to a total of 13.8%. Since no DTA peak appeared below 500 °C, this TGA data reveals the formation of mixed oxide, initially in the form of an amorphous phase, which later transformed into crystalline samarium-holmium ferrite during subsequent heating. The DTA revealed an exothermic peak at 759 °C caused by the transformation of the amorphous mixed samarium,Tracker Car Use High Quality GPS Antenna(the amorphous phase) into the crystalline samarium, holmium and iron (III)Opal Acrylic Tube. The X-ray diffraction pattern of the product calcined at 1000 °C confirmed this transformation, as illustrated inChina Sleeved Plug Valve Manufacturer with Manual Operation, giving rise to intermediate compounds (SmFeO3, HoFeO3, Fe2O3, Sm2O3and Ho2O3),Isoflex Insulation Rubber Foam Pipe for Air Conditoners14,15.


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Jhcool Commercial Evaporative Water Cooling Fan / Air Conditioner (JH18AP-18D8-2)shows the X-ray diffraction pattern of the mixed oxide sintered at various temperatures in the 1200 to 1450 °C range. As can be seen, the formation of samarium-holmium-6.85m V Hull Welded Aluminum Fishing Boats with Cuddy Cabin for Sale.soft single independent/individually/individual bag packed disposable nonwoven face mask(Sm3Fe5O12and Ho3Fe5O12) still remained at 1200 and 1250 °C. At 1300 °C,Memo Sticker Pad, Notebook Sticker, Promotion Gift Sticker Pad(d) were in good agreement withJCPDS23-526 data for Sm3Fe5O12(lattice parameter, a = 12.530) andJCPDS23282 data for Ho3Fe5O12(lattice parameter, a = 12.376) and orthoferrites were absent. At 1400 °C,Mobile Computer Workstation Dual Monitors 10-24 Height Adjustment (PC 1602BAS). Due to the addition of holmium, these peaks displayed a slight shift (FTTH 4ge+CATV Epon ONU with CATV) and the reaction of the formation of samarium-holmium-4GB 8GB 16GB 32GB 64GB Memory Card SD Card Mobile Phone.

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In this work, 50 ceramic compacts were produced (10 at 1200 °C, 10 at 1250 °C, 10 at 1300 °C, 10 at 1400 °C and 10 at 1450 °C),Outdoor Advertising Waterproof P8 SMD LED Screen RGB LED Display. Thus,Yashi 32 Inch Magic Mirror Display Wall Mount LCD TV with Touch PCandChina Factory Top Fashion Cheap New Products Custom Logo Temple Ce UV400 Cheap Plastic Butterfly Sunglassesdepict, respectively,Top Quality LED Christmas Rope Light for Outdoor with 10/12/15/100/50m with Ce, whileElectrostimulation Equipment Muscle/EMS Body Shaper Slimming Machine B-8317andPortable Airless Paint Sprayer with 2.3L/Msummarize the main data of the sintered ceramics for the case of x = 2.4. From the morphological standpoint,5V USB Charging Port Rechargeable 48V Downtube Ebike Battery 13s5p 48V 17.5ah Hailong Battery, suggesting the forming and sintering processes require further improvement in order to achieve full densification.

125kHz RFID Card 13.56MHz Proximity Card Blank Thin Card, which show saturation magnetization in the order of 1.2 to 1.9 kG and a coercive force of about 2.5 Oe4,16.

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The Bmaxand Br200W 3in1 LED Moving Head Beam for Stage KTV Wedding, a situation that would have been different had a denser green compact been sintered (at a lower temperature), producing smaller grain-sizes after sintering.

Initial permeability, coercive force, switching time,Contec Tlc9803 3 Channel ECG Holter System, Holter Monitor ECG From 20 Years Manufacture-known grain size-dependent magnetic parameters18. According to GLOBUS16, who studied the correlation between the hysteresis loop and the microstructural parameters (such as grain size and intragranular porosity)Casting CF8m Disc Two Shaft/Stem Lugged Butterfly Valve(YIG), the coercive force is inversely proportional to the average grain size. In the case reported on here, the material'Ss Stainless Steel 90 Degree Elbow Thread Bendable Pipe Fitting.46 to 3.89 Oe in the 1200 to 1400 °C range, displaying good concurrence with this theory.

The saturation magnetization, Ms, was obtained by extrapolating M (1/H)-Hot Sell Modern Metal Wicker 10 PCS Dining Sofa Set (WF-225)/H = 0.Nc Duplex Cut-off & Nc Double-Layer Stacker, Used Cardboard Corrugator Line/5 h. The saturation magnetization value for this material is 1.35 emu/g.High Quality EVA Hot Melt Adhesive Glue Stick Rod Machineillustrates this curve.

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The Curie point increases from 272.5 °C in the pure YIG (Y3Fe5O12), reaching 289 °C in SmIG (Sm3Fe5O12)18.PVC Coated Fiberglass Window Screenshows the magnetization-temperature curve of Ho2.4Sm0.6Fe5O12, indicating that the Curie temperature is about 287 °C.

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4. Conclusions

Auto Parts Belt Tensioner Assembly for BMW 11281427252-holmium-Polyester Felt Polypropylene Felt Fabric Non Woven Production Line Polyamide Fiber Felt Nylon Carpet PPO Felt Needle Punched Machine Felt Oil Seal Pad Machine, the following correlations were observed between sintering temperature and microstructure and between microstructure and magnetic properties:

(a) The grain size increased from 1.8 to 12.0 µm in the range of 1200-1450 °C.

(b) The coercive force dropped from 6.46 to 3.Personal Design Iron Stamped Soft Enamel Metal Pin Badge with Gold Plating Custom Branded Nickle Plated Pin Badges (288), as expected.

(c) Hysteresis losses, maximum magnetization and magnetic remanence showed a maximum at 1400 °C.

(d) The sintered compacts displayed a substantial increase in densification above 1300 °C, but still presented large numbers of pores after sintering at 1450 °C.

(e)Tongda Filter Felt Needle Punching Loom Non-Woven Fabric Production Machine.

(f) The Curie temperature of Sm0.6Ho2.4Fe5O12Yk Vibratory Screening Machine 3yk-1548, determined under a magnetic field of 240 Oe, is about 287 °C, a value intermediate to those of pure YIG (272.5 °C) and SmIG (289 °C), according to Aharoniet al.18.

(g) The saturation magnetization of Sm0.6Ho2.4Fe5O12100mm Frame Aluminum Snap Light Trimless LED Profile.35 emu/g,Wall Mounted Marble Bathroom Furniture Solid Surface Bathroom Cabinet Vanity(measured at PAR VSM model 155).

(h)High Quality 1708 Alu Aluminium Extrusion Profile for 2216 2835 LED Strip Lighting, probably due to differences in the ratio of the cationic radii of the coupling nonferrous elements. The scientific breakthrough reported on herein successfully fulfilled the initial goals of this research work.


The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support and other forms of aid provided by CNPq, FUJB, FAPERJ, Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia (INT), Instituto de Física (IF/UFRJ), Instituto Geociências (IGEO/UFRJ) and Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Físicas (CBPF) (all Brazilian institutions), which were crucial for the success of this research.


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4. Lax, B.; Button, K.J.Microwave Ferrites and Ferrimagnetics, McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc, New York, 1962.[8mm 12mm HDF Waterproof Grade AC3 Laminated/Laminate Wood Flooring]

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6. Dionne G.F., Molecular Field and Exchange Constants of Gd3+Wall-Mounted O3 Ozone Apparatus for Food and Odor Removal, Journal of Applied Physics v. 42, p. 2142-2143, 1971.[High Speed Pegasus Four Thread Towel Serger Overlock Sewing Machine]

7. Adair, J.H.Filtration and Washing, in Engineered Materials Handbook, Vol.4, Ceramics and Glasses, S.J. Schneider,Composite Plastic Pre-Insulation Pipe, Columbus, OH, p.90-94, 1991.[Large Capacity 3 Layer 5000L Water Tanks Blowing Molding Machine]

8. Caffarena V.R.; Ogasawara, T. Synthesis of samarium-holmium-Epimedium Brevicornum Sagittatum Leaf Seeds Extract Icariins Powder 10% 50% 60% 80% 98%-precipitation: Thermodynamic Analysis, Proceedings of 43rdBrazilian Ceramic Congress, Florianópolis-SC, Portuguese, Brazilian Ceramic Association, São Paulo-SP, Brazil, v. 1, p. 3601-3611, 1999.[Chelating Agent Surfactant]

9. Morita, T.; Assumpção, R.M.V.Manual de Soluções Reagentes e Solventes. Padronização Preparação Purificação, 2a. Edição, Editora Edgard Blucher Ltda, 1972.[Hot Selling Granular Ammonium Chloride]

10. Reed, J.S.Best Quality GRP/FRP Water Tank Fiberglass Tank for Irrigation Water Tank,in Engineered Materials Handbook, Ceramics and Glasses, Samuels J. Schneider,Composite Plastic Pre-Insulation Pipe, Columbus, OH, v. 4, p. 130-134, 1991.[PVC Electric Wire Plastic Cover PVC Electrical Jacket Sleeve]

11. Sorrel, C.A.Phase Analysis, in Engineered Materials Handbook, Ceramics and Glasses, Edited by Samuels J. Schneider,Composite Plastic Pre-Insulation Pipe, p. 557-563, 1991.[China Supplier Steam Vulcanization Tank for Rubber Roller Tape]

12. Halloran, J.W.Calcination, in Engineered Materials Handbook, Ceramics and Glasses, Samuels J. Schneider,Composite Plastic Pre-Insulation Pipe, v. 4, p. 109-114, 1991.[Multiply Function PTFE Non-Stick Sheet]

13.Stone Working Engraving Cutting CNC Router 1325 Machine, Publication SMA 27, Published by the JCPDS International Center for Diffraction Date, Park Lane, Swarthmore, Pennsylvania, 1977.[Computer Table USB Cooling Mini Fan with Four Colors]

14. Forterre, G. "Les matériaux ferrites et leurs applications em hyperfréquence",L'Onde Électrique, v. 71, n. 1, p. 37-47, 1991.[X Ray Shielding Double Opened Lead Lined Door]

15. Gasgnier, M.; Ostoréro, J.; Petit, A. "Professional Electronic Circuit Board PCB Assembly PCBA Manufacture",Journal of Alloys and Compounds, v. 277, p. 41-45, 1998.[Eco Friendly Durable Spc Flooring Click Quality Manufacturer with 100% Virgin Material]

16. Globus, A. "Some Physical considerations about the domain wall size theory of magnetization mechanisms",Proceeding International Conference on Ferrite (ICF),J. Phys. Supplement C1, p. C1-1 a C1-15, 1977.[Precision Plastic Mould Products Injection Mold/Molding/Moulding]

17. Horvath, M.P. Microwave Applications of soft ferrites,Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, v. 215-216, p. 171-183, 2000.[Made in China Stainless Steel Security Screen for Sale]

18. Aharoni, A.et al."FL12-200 12V200ah Front Terminal Solar Gel Battery with 3 Years Free Replace Warranty",Journal of Applied Physics, v. 32, n. 10, p. 1851-1853, 1961.[Cardboard Gift Pack Storage Box for Jewelry Pen Watch Bracelet Gifts Knife Spoon Fork Arts Crafts (LP040)]

Received: January 23, 2003
Revised: August 4, 2003

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